Bermuda grass is a major turf species for the sports fields, parks, golf courses, lawns, and many more. Bermuda grass is used to beautify the lawn, golf courses and other places of recreation. This grass has a distinct characteristic of tolerance to dry weather. Bermuda grass is also known as Cynadon and has its origin in Africa.
Bermuda grass can grow in almost all types of soil. If proper care is taken, this grass is the ideal choice for making the best golf turfs. In order to control and maintain the beauty of Bermuda grass, it required proper maintenance and care. Bermuda grass maintenance depends on the variety and purpose for which the grass is chosen.
Bermuda grass forms heat tolerant and drought resistant lawns. The grass propagates itself and forms a dense turf by means of spreading the rhizomes and stolons. Maintenance consists of keeping Bermuda grass from invading neighboring gardens and lawns. The invasive form of Bermuda grass is called as “Wire grass”.
Mowing the Bermuda Grass
Mow the Bermuda grass between 0.5 and 1.5 inches height to control the seed head formation. For the best cut use the reel mower. Try to mow the Bermuda grass frequently, never remove more than a third of the blade leaves in a single mowing.
Water for Bermuda Grass
Bermuda grass grows in a wide range of soil and irrigation needs vary accordingly. The roots of grass grow up to 6 feet deep in sandy soils and require 1.25 inches of water a week. Bermuda grass requires at least 1 inch of water each week. During the growing season, Bermuda grass can do very well with less water.
Fertilizer for Bermuda Grass
Most varieties of Bermuda grass need near about 1 to 1.5 pounds of nitrogen fertilizer per 1000 feet of turf. Nitrogen is very necessary to keep the grass in healthy conditions. Potassium encourages root growth and increases environmental stress tolerance.
Pests and Diseases of Bermuda Grass
Proper mowing, watering, and fertilizing will eradicate or limit the pests and disease occurrence. However, the circumstances like low winter temperature, low nitrogen, low mowing, extreme drought, or waterlogged soil weaken the resistance. Biological control includes the beneficial bacteria and parasites that feed on the pests. The thatch on the heavy soils harbors fungus diseases and nematodes. Chemical fungicides and integrated pest management can help in disease and pest control.
Renovation of Bermuda Grass
Renovate thin Bermuda lawns to improve the turf and control the weeds. Renovate the patchy lawns with the same variety of the Bermuda grass in spring. You can plant the Bermuda grass when the soil temperatures are 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Other cultural practices of Bermuda Grass
Rake and aerate the Bermuda grass in fall before the over seeding with ryegrass. Water and apply fertilizer to the golf lawns all winter. Water the Bermuda grass well during dry and cold spells to keep from becoming dormant. You can use a vertical mower in spring if thatch builds up on the grass. Apply pre emergent herbicides in the spring and fall. It will help to apply broadleaf herbicides in summer and winter.
Bermuda grass gives good response to maintenance. Maintenance of Bermuda grass on the golf course helps to keep the grass in good playing conditions so that golfers can enjoy a good times.